Healesville Sanctuary


Echidnas’ distinctive and purposeful ‘rolling’ gait is just one if the endearing qualities that make these animals very popular attractions at Healesville Sanctuary.

Echidnas are classed as ‘least concern’ by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (on the IUCN ‘red list’). Although the species is not considered to be endangered, individual animals are at risk, particularly from dog attacks, natural disasters and motor vehicles. Echidnas are among the more than 2,000 sick and injured native animals treated each year at the Sanctuary’s Australian Wildlife Health Centre. 

Meeting the Echidnas at Healesville Sanctuary is an important way to connect with the animals of Australia, and to learn about the Sanctuary’s conservation programs, especially those aimed at conserving threatened native species. The money you spend helps to support the Sanctuary’s conservation programs and its care of native wildlife, and helps fight species extinction. 

Also known as the ‘Spiny Ant-eater’ and ‘Short-beaked Echidna’, this species is found widely around Australia and in Papua New Guinea and Indonesia.

Echidna species and the Platypus are the only animals in the Monotremata order: mammals that lay eggs.

In parts of Papua New Guinea, Echidnas are hunted for food. Locally, predators include dogs, eagles and Tasmanian Devils. Echidnas move slowly, which means they are at risk on our roads. You can help to reduce the road toll of these native animals by driving carefully and, if it is safe, driving around any Echidnas you find crossing the road. Do not pick them up – their spines are very sharp. Contact a local wildlife help group if you find an injured animal.

Echidnas are 30 to 40cm long and weight 2 to 5kg. 

Their body is covered with spines about 5cm long. Echidnas have fur growing as well, between the spines.

Echidnas eat ants, termites, grubs and worms. They use their forepaws to dig into ant nests and use their fast-moving tongues, which are covered with sticky mucus, to trap the ants.

Echidnas can live in most habitat types including bush, savannah, arid and semi-arid areas and rainforest.

Females lay one egg, which stays in the mother’s pouch and hatches after 10 days. The young stays in the pouch and is sustained by its mother’s milk. The mothers usually push their young out of the pouch after two to three months because of their growing spines. They are weaned at about six months.

Norton and Gerry

Norton and his very own Wildlife Hero

Norton, a Short-beaked Echidna, came into the Australian Wildlife Health Centre (AWHC) at Healesville Sanctuary in mid-March. He was found wandering around near the road and was rescued by a member of the public.

27 May 2015
Leo the Echidna puggle - 11 weeks old

Lucky Leo

Leo the Echidna puggle tested fate when he was found at only a month old in a garden bed in Badger Creek. Luckily for Leo, he was brought straight to Healesville Sanctuary’s Australian Wildlife Health Centre and was given a fighting chance to survive.

16 October 2014
Koala MM

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