Werribee Open Range Zoo

Lion

Visiting the lions at Werribee Open Range Zoo provides a rare opportunity to see these majestic animals up close. See why the lion is known as the ‘king of the savannah’ and learn about what threatens these magnificent creatures in the wild.

Lions once ranged throughout northern Africa, south-west Asia, Europe and India. Their range is now reduced to sub Saharan Africa, with an isolated sub species in the Gir Forest of India. Numbers are rapidly decreasing due to many factors including habitat destruction, which leads to a loss of prey and also puts lions in close contact with humans. One of the biggest threats to the lion population is retribution killing from farmers trying to protect their livestock. Sadly a number of countries permit trophy hunting of lions, a practice that is justified as enabling conservation. Lions are also vulnerable to disease.

It is not known how many lions remain in the wild in Africa: recent estimates have ranged from around 16,500 to 30,000 animals. . As of 2008 Lions have been classed as ‘vulnerable’ by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (on the IUCN ‘red list’). 

An adult male lion stands just over a metre tall at the shoulder, is over three metres long (including his  tail) and on average weighs about 220kg. Females are considerably smaller. Cubs have spotted fur, and sometimes a few spots remain into adulthood on the legs and belly. Adult male lions are noted for their brown mane, which becomes darker and fuller as the animal matures and becomes stronger.

Lions are the only cats to live in a family group, which is called a pride which can have up to 30–40 members. The pride is usually dominated by a single male or a coalition and mostly related females and their cubs. On average, the length of time in control of a pride is 2–3 years and competition among males to take over a pride can be ferocious!

Lions are carnivorous and hunt a variety of prey including zebra, wildebeest, impala, buffalo and warthog. The females of the pride hunt as a team using an ambush method. 

Tombo

Born 1996

Lion Tombo is now quite elderly and can generally be spotted snoozing in the sun. While he has quite a gentle personality he is also very vocal and has sought out the best areas to allow his roar to be its most effective, echoing and carrying across to any unsuspecting Lions that may be in the area! 

Jarrah

Born 2000

Jarrah was born at Melbourne Zoo in 2000 before moving to Werribee Open Range Zoo in 2004. Jarrah is very playful and loves a good game of chasey. As a youngster she used to love stalking and ambushing her mother and was known to enjoy a game or two with pride mate Tombo, leaping on him from afar and then jumping out of the way – much to Tombo’s disgust! Now in her senior years, she is showing a gentler, more caring side in her relationship with Tombo.

Johari

Born 2004

Johari arrived at Werribee Open Range Zoo from Sydney’s Taronga Zoo in 2012. Johari is a deeper thinker. He’s curious but cautious. He takes a lot in and really enjoys new smells and other kinds of enrichment. He is very respectful of Lionesses Nilo and Nairibi and patient with the cubs, taking his role as the leader of the pride very seriously.

 

Nilo

Born 2012

Nilo is very curious and takes her time to process new things. She grew up in a pride with half-sister Nairibi and the two are very close. Nilo gave birth to her first litter of cubs in 2015 and is a very calm and devoted mother to the three boys, setting firm boundaries with Johari and Nairibi. The name Nilo is inspired by the Samburu people who live in the Melako conservancy of Northern Kenya.

Nairibi

Born 2012

Nairibi is very food-focused and particularly enjoys the enrichment items that keepers prepare. The name Nairibi is a Rendille word and it is the name of a community within Melako that is very active in our Beads for Wildlife program. Nairibi loves to play and is generally the first to start a game of chasey with her pride mates, making her a favourite with her young nephews!

Elderly lion Tonyi at Werribee Open Range Zoo web620

A sad farewell to much-loved lion, Tonyi

Elderly Lion Tonyi passed away Thursday, 31 December at Werribee Open Range Zoo. Zoo Veterinarians made the difficult decision to euthanise the aging Lion as a result of his deteriorating health.

4 January 2016
Lion Cub Trio

Meet Kubwa, Kashka and Kito!

Werribee Open Range Zoo’s trio of Lion cubs have been named!

The votes are in and the public have chosen their three favourite names via the Zoo’s website.

Today viewing Keepers announced the winning names – Kubwa, Kashka and Kito.

21 December 2015
Slumber Safari - couple

Slumber Safari

Enjoy an overnight experience at the Zoo in our luxury safari camp. Your stay includes amazing close-up animal encounters, drinks and dips at sunset, a sumptuous dinner, unique night-time activities and breakfast overlooking Australian Journey. 

  • Males eat first even though they generally do not participate in the hunt. Females eat next, followed by the cubs
  • Only one in five lion cubs survives its first year. When food is scarce, feeding is in order of age and size, and the youngest and weakest do not survive
  • A lion’s roar can be heard up to 8km away! Up close, the grass flattens in the impact of a roar
  • A subspecies of lion, the Asiatic Lion, was once found all through India, the Middle East and Southern Asia, but now fewer than 300 survive in the Gir Forest National Park in western India