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Rhinoceros have only one predator, humans, who prize them for their hooves, blood, urine and above all for their horns for use in traditional medicines. The horns are also used to make handles for traditional Jambiya daggers, worn as a status symbol by men in Yemen.
Rhinoceros are classed as near threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (on the IUCN red list). Poaching continues to be a serious problem and there may be as few as 20,000 Southern White Rhinoceros in the wild.
Your visit to Werribee Open Range Zoo helps to fight species extinction. Visiting the rhinos is an opportunity not only to see these wonderful animals at close range, but also learn about the Zoo’s conservation program Beads for Wildlife, which helps communities and wildlife in Africa.
The Southern White Rhinoceros is predominantly found in South Africa. It is the largest of the five species of rhinoceros and is also known as the ‘square-lipped rhinoceros’ because of its wide, straight upper lip that enables it to graze. It is seldom aggressive and is the most sociable of the five species. Bulls are more vocal, making snorting, bellowing and trumpeting sounds.
Wallowing in mud serves as a sunscreen and insect repellent for the rhinoceros. Males and females have two horns, the front one reaching lengths of up to 150cm. An adult male weighs approximately 2.3 tonnes and a female weighs about 1.8 tonnes.
- A rhinoceros has three toes on each foot
- Some animals such as the eland and kudu will roll in rhinoceros poo to disguise their scent. This reduces their chances of being attacked by predators such as lions
- The rhinoceros’ ears can move independently allowing it to hear in different directions at the same time
- Rhinoceros horn is made of keratin, the same substance of human hair and nails
- A pile of rhinoceros poo is called a ‘midden’. Rhinos use middens to help them navigate in their territory
You can help Fight
Together we can improve animal care, reduce threatening processes and save endangered species.
Your donation helps us fight extinction and care for our animals.
Visit these animals at...
- Healesville Sanctuary
- Werribee Open Range Zoo
- Melbourne Zoo