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Composting Guides

Your guide to composting

Turning your organic material into compost has many environmental benefits and is a great way to reduce the amount of waste sent to landfill.

Determine which composting method will suit you and download the relevant guide to help you get started!

Worm Farm Compost Bin Bokashi Bin
Worm farming works by worms and other
micro-organisms eating your food scraps.
Compost works best by aerobic decomposition (microbes break down material whilst using oxygen). Bokashi composting uses fermentation to pickle food waste in an air-tight bin. Waste is broken down without bad smells or insects.

Worm farming suits if you:

  • don't have any woody plant materials to get rid of
  • don't have access to any bare earth

Composting suits if you:

  • have plant materials (you need twice as much as your food scraps)
  • have space on bare earth to put the compost bin
  • are in a household with more than two people or have a large garden

Bokashi composting suits if you:

  • live in an apartment
  • work in an office with a kitchen
  • have somewhere to bury the compost solids afterwards (a vegie patch, compost bin or community garden)

The benefits are:

  • you can collect the liquid and solid fertilisers from your worm farm
  • you can keep your worm farm in a courtyard, on a balcony or even inside
  • you don’t need to add garden materials

The benefits are:

  • you can add a greater variety of food and other materials than in a worm farm
  • you can recycle your woody plant materials
  • you can add large volumes of materials faster

The benefits are:

  • it doesn't smell so you can keep it in the kitchen
  • it can handle meat, dairy, citrus, and onion (which worms don't like)
  • the liquid fertiliser is easy to harvest

Download your Guide to Worm Farms
(PDF; 983KB):

Your guide to worm farms


Download your Guide to Composting
(PDF; 1.41MB):

Your guide to compost bins

Download your Guide to Bokashi Bins
(PDF; 685KB):

Your guide to Bokashi bins